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Saratoga County Prosperity Partnership

2911 Route 9
Malta, NY 12020
P: +1 518-871-1887

Overview

Saratoga County Geography and Climate

In the northeastern portion of the New York State, Saratoga County is conveniently located in the Capital District just north of the state’s capital, Albany. Situated in the Hudson Valley Region, along the banks of the Hudson and Mohawk Rivers, in the foothills of the scenic Adirondack Mountains, Saratoga County is only a few hours north of New York City, west of Boston, and south of the Canadian border. It is adjacent to Albany, Rensselaer, Schenectady, Warren, Washington, Fulton, Montgomery, and Hamilton counties.

Climate

Saratoga County's climate is considered "Humid Continental". Although there are several days with extreme highs (above 90° F) and lows (below 0° F), the summer months are moderately warm with brief showers and thunderstorms, and the winter months are cool with several long-lasting snowstorms, rain, and/or ice.

Total Area

Saratoga County is approximately 844 sq. mi. (1304 km2) in upstate New York. Land comprises 812 sq. mi. and water makes up the remaining 32 sq. mi.

Rivers

On the northern and eastern border of Saratoga County, the Hudson River flows from its source in the Adirondacks to the Atlantic Ocean. The Hudson River is the primary waterway for recreational and commercial vessels between the northern and southern portions of the state.

  • 315 miles long
  • 43 ft. minimum depth; 216 ft. maximum depth
  • One of the only navigable passageways that connects the New York State Canal System
  • Minimum clearance for bridges and power lines is 55 ft.
  • Ocean vessels can navigate to the Port of Albany which is just south of Saratoga County.
  • The public may enjoy beaches, fishing, and wildlife along the shores
  • Recreational and commercial use

Bordering southern Saratoga County, the Mohawk River is 149 mi. long and is part of the historic Erie Canal, which connects the eastern and western portions of the New York State. The Mohawk River flows into the Hudson River via the Erie Canal slightly south in Albany County. Erie Canal Locks 7 & 8 are located in Crescent and Visher’s Ferry at the southern end of Saratoga County.

Lakes

Charming lakes speckle the landscape in Saratoga County and provide residents with both public access and picturesque locations for private homes.


  • 4.5 miles long & 1.5 miles wide
  • Kadyross Creek and Fish Creek are the lake’s outlet
  • Several restaurants, marinas, public boat launches, and public beach
  • Recreational use
Great Sacandaga Lake

  • 29 miles long; 5 miles wide
  • 32 ft. average depth; 74 ft. maximum depth
  • Public beach access
  • Public boat launch & marinas
  • Camping, motor & sail boating, fishing, golfing, snowmobiling, & cross-country skiing
  • 3rd largest lake in the Adirondack Park
  • Man-made reservoir designed to control flooding in the Sacandaga and Hudson Rivers
Moreau Lake State Park

  • 9th largest state park in New York
  • Public beach access
  • Camping, kayaking, hiking, swimming, & fishing
  • Nature center, playground, and environmental education programs available
Ballston Lake

  • 274 acres
  • 22 ft. deep
  • Free public fishing pier
  • Warm water & ice fishing
  • Free public boat launch for small “car-top” boats
  • Recreational use
Round Lake

  • 321 acres
  • 7 ft. average depth
  • Fishing, canoeing, kayaking, ice skating
  • Non-motorized boats
The Adirondack Park is home to over 2,300 lakes including:

Geologic Features

Saratoga County is located at the base of the breathtaking Adirondack Park. With 46 peaks, cascading waterfalls, scenic lakes, and historic architecture, the Adirondacks span 6 million acres and is the largest publicly protected area in the continental United States.

  • 46 peaks
  • 3000 lakes and ponds
  • 1200 miles of rivers
  • 6 million acres
  • 2000 miles of hiking trails
  • Comprises 1/3 of the land in New York State

Tourism in Saratoga County during the 19th Century revolved around luxurious spas with approximately 100 cathartic mineral springs. Currently, tourists and residents alike, enjoy the 17 unique mineral springs accessed throughout Saratoga County.

Did You Know?

  • The word “vacation” originated in the Adirondacks since New York City residents would “vacate” the city in the summer and retreat upstate to the mountains.
  • Native Americans named the Hudson River “Mahicantuck,” which means “flows both ways,” because of the frequently changing current that results from tides of the Atlantic Ocean.

Temperature

  Avg High (°F) Avg Low (°F) Mean (°F) Heat Deg Day Cool Deg Day
Jan 31.0 12.5 21.7 1341 0
Feb 35.3 15.2 25.2 1113 0
Mar 45.4 23.9 34.7 941 0
Apr 60.2 35.6 47.9 517 4
May 71.6 45.8 58.7 225 29
Jun 79.6 55.3 67.5 47 120
Jul 83.3 59.7 71.5 5 207
Aug 81.5 58.4 69.9 19 172
Sep 73.6 50.4 62.0 143 53
Oct 61.2 38.9 50.0 467 3
Nov 48.4 30.5 39.5 767 0
Dec 35.8 19.9 27.8 1152 0

Temperature Extremes, Annual Number of Days

  Days
High > 90°F (Num. of Days) 8
Low < 32°F (Num. of Days) 144
Low < 0°F (Num. of Days) 12

Precipitation

  Precip Total " Snowfall Total " Days Precip ≥ 0.01" Days Precip ≥ 0.5" Days Snow Depth ≥ 10"
Jan 3.3 20.0 11.3 2.3 10.5
Feb 2.5 13.0 8.6 1.7 11.1
Mar 3.4 10.0 10.0 2.4 7.2
Apr 3.6 2.3 11.1 2.6 0.1
May 4.1 0.0 13.0 2.7 0.0
Jun 4.3 0.0 11.8 3.3 0.0
Jul 4.5 0.0 11.6 3.1 0.0
Aug 4.2 0.0 10.5 3.0 0.0
Sep 3.6 0.0 10.3 2.4 0.0
Oct 4.0 0.0 10.3 2.6 0.0
Nov 3.8 3.0 11.0 2.9 0.1
Dec 3.6 15.1 11.5 2.4 2.3